Female sterilisation (tubal occlusion)

This is a permanent method of contraception that is carried out by cutting, sealing or blocking the fallopian tubes. There are no health risks or side effects. It also doesn't increase the risk of cancer of the reproductive organs.

This procedure is suitable for women who are sure they never want children or do not want more children. This is an important decision so it’s important to consider other options available beforehand.


After the sterilisation has worked you don’t have to use contraception ever again.


  • It can’t be easily reversed and it takes between 1 to 3 months for it to be effective.
  • It doesn’t protect you from Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) therefore the use of condoms alongside is recommended.

The tubal occlusion is meant to be a permanent procedure. There are reversal operations but they are not always successful. Success will depend upon how and when you were sterilised. Reversal is rarely available on the NHS and can be difficult and expensive to obtain privately.